Humboldt Penguin | Welsh Mountain Zoo

Humboldt Penguin

Spheniscus humboldti


  • Not Evaluated
  • Data Deficient
  • Least Concern
  • Near Threatened
  • Vulnerable
  • Endangered
  • Critically Endangered
  • Extinct in the Wild
  • Extinct

Originating from South America, the Humboldt Penguin is thinner than other Penguins and have a black head with white border running around the face. The Humboldt Penguin faces many challenges in the wild, predominantly from entanglement in nets, loss of habitat and over-fishing.

Native Range →

From the Pacific coast of Peru to Chile

Natural Habitat  →

Coast and coastal waters

Diet  →

Fish, krill and squid

Life Expectancy  →

Unknown in the wild. Up to 30 years in zoos

Breeding  →

2 eggs from a 40 day incubation

Group Name  →

Colony, huddle, creche or waddle

Active Hours  →

During the day

Threats  →

Fishery activities, Human disturbance

In response to the Avian Influenza pandemic and further outbreaks across the UK, we are implementing further protection measures in accordance with extended regulations that have been put in place by the UK Government’s Animal and Plant Health Agency (Apha). As a result of this, please be aware that the Flamingo and Penguin walk-through pathways will be temporarily closed, the Penguin Parade will be temporarily suspended and the Children's Farm Barn will be temporarily closed.

We sincerely apologise for any inconvenience caused and appreciate your understanding.

Fun fact

Each Humboldt Penguin has a very distinctive call and they can recognise each other among a whole bunch of noisy penguins.

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